PSi #21 Fluid States Philippines, One Heart Express photos from Philippines Participant B.D. Callingacion

One Heart ExPress Bulletin June 2015 - Notes from the Field in Jao Island, Bohol, Philippines

Photos & Ro-Ro Journey Report by Philippines Participant B.D. Callingacion


One Heart ExPress Is Back on the Road

We must become the change we wish to see in the world.    - Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi
One Heart ExPress Notes from the Field: Jao Island, Talibon, Bohol
Dear Friends,
I never realized where the One Heart Express (OHE) would bring me and my team when we first came together.
I dreamed up and launched this initiative in 2013 in the wake of the twin disasters – Big Bohol Earthquake and Super Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) – to use the expressive arts in helping rebuild lives in places devastated by the two calamities that struck the country. The goal was to facilitate rebuilding of lives through the creative energy of the survivors, themselves, so that they could rise again from the ruins. We went to Bohol, Leyte, and Samar. We conducted workshops for hundreds of teachers, children, youth, and women in the communities where there was the most devastation (in Loon, Bohol; San Jose, Tacloban, Leyte; Palo, Leyte; Quinapondan, Eastern Samar). We did this from December 2013 until May of 2014. Then, there was a lull in our work, what with other commitments that needed to be fulfilled; work important to an academic like me like writing papers. The other members of the team and I went back each to their own lives and other passions.
Then, a chance encounter during the RORO Journeys (Philippine Project for Performance Studies International PSi#21 Fluid States Visayas leg) brought me to the island of Jao in the northernmost part of Bohol. Lutgardo ‘Gardy’ Labad the point person of our Bohol leg arranged for us to go to Jao Island as one of the activities he designed for the PSi-RORO journey.  This is where I saw an amazing performance of young people in a remote island.  Yes, a musical about the love story of a mermaid and a monitor lizard (jao, halo) titled “Ang Sirena sa Jao” complete with all that you could expect of a full blown production, with a ballet troupe to boot and two of the manliest and good-looking balletomanes I have ever seen! The musical was preceded by a revue composed of folk, modern, and classical dances (ballet) by young artists whose ages ranged from 5 years to young adults in their early 20s.
What was remarkable about all this was that Jao Island, as the rest of the 13 islands dotting the northernmost part of Bohol, is considered among the deprived and underserved communities in Bohol. The place where we were, barangay Suba (one of the 3 barangays in Jao Island), is not a place where people have access to arts training. In fact, it is a place mired in poverty where most of the residents are on subsistence level existence, living below the poverty line and barely able to eke out a living from the sea that surrounds them (ironically there are many huge fish farms around the island owned by big business establishments).
But then, Father Bienvenido ‘Ned” Disu arrived on the island in 1984 as a missionary priest of the Vincentian order. He transformed the island into a haven of young artists among the poorer communities there. Fr. Ned set up the Raise a Village Foundation Inc., where he is Executive Director. Through his inspiring leadership he helped transform an island (and other remote areas) through various initiatives. Other than livelihood activities for the residents, he raised about a hundred scholarships for the children of the poorest families in Jao so that they could go to school. And as a way to make their lives become even more productive, Fr. Ned organized youth camps as well as performing arts training in dance, singing, and later in theatre arts which paved the way to the creation of the Visayas Mission Confraternity, Inc. (VMCI) Mobile Theatre – a group of young artists with a repertoire of classic,modern, and folk dances. Its most recent creative project was the musical “Ang Sirena sa Jao”. More than 20 years have passed (it was founded in 1994) and not many from the ‘outside world’ know of the existence of this performing group; our group was a rarity.
After the performance, the teachers who had proudly watched among the audience, and I got to talking. I asked them whether they had had any formal training in the arts and they responded in the negative. Inspired by what I had witnessed, I decided right there and then to bring over the One Heart Express Team, not knowing whether we actually had the funds to fly in the team and  to undertake the work. But we did. With the help of a modest grant from NCCA’s Speakers Bureau we made it to Jao.  And the rest is history as they say.
 The One Hear Express Team
Dr. Belen D. Calingacion — Team Leader and workshop director, Professor at the Department of Speech Communication and Theatre Arts, University of the Philippines Diliman
Dr. Victor Emmanuel Carmelo ‘Vim’ Nadera — Facilitator, a multi-awarded poet, performance artist, arts-therapist and educator, and Director of the Philippine High School for the Arts
Alma Quinto — Facilitator, visual-artist and member of the NCCA Artists for Crisis and DepEd Special Program for the Arts
Rosalie Zerrudo — Facilitator, theatre/performance artist, community organizer, member of the National Commission for the Arts (NCCA) Committee on Dramatic Arts and faculty of San Agustin University, Iloilo
Prof. Dennis Gupa  – Facilitator, Assistant Professor University of the Philippines Los Baños, theatre director, just recently returned with a Masters of Fine Arts (MFA) in Theatre Directing from University of British Columbia, Canada
May 26, 2015: Back in Bohol with a Detour to Antequera
The One Heart Express team arrived on May 26, 2015 in Tagbilaran on its way to Jao Island, in northern Bohol. We still had to travel for three hours to the municipality of Talibon and then take a 15-minute boat ride to get to Jao. Alma Quinto, Dennis Gupa (who arrived from Canada a few days earlier having earned a MFA in Theatre Directing from the University of British Columbia) and I flew in on the earliest flight to Tagbilaran aboard Tiger Air/Cebu Pacific. Vim Nadera and Ma. Rosalie Zerrudo joined the team the following day.   
We were met at the airport by Kagawad Cecelia Rebosura of Antequera. I had made prior arrangement to make a quick detour to Antequera, the basket weaving capital of Bohol, to visit the barangay of Sto. Rosario where the One Heart Express had helped build houses for 12 families, whose homes were destroyed during the Bohol earthquake, as part of the One House.One Family project. Through the support of generous friends among you, we helped rebuild the lives of families in Sto. Rosario by helping rebuild their homes. The last time I checked on the project in Bohol in March of 2014, not all of the 12 houses were completed. This visit was in a way to see if the project had succeeded and I am happy to report that we were able to do as we had promised the donors.
Before leaving for Sta. Rosario we were fed a hearty breakfast in the home of our ‘new’ Nanay (Mommy) in Antequera, Mrs. Federita Salomon, who along with his son Bobie (the family are close family friends of Kag. Cecelia) welcomed us to their home like long lost relatives. After breakfast, we made a brief courtesy call on Hon. Jose Mario J. Pahang, Mayor of Antequera, in the still being rebuilt municipal building. We then proceeded to Sto. Rosario which is a remote barangay located in a mountainous area about 5.5 kilometers from the poblacion.
We saw some of the houses we had help build standing proudly. The first house we visited was that of Kapitan Mero, barangay captain of Sto. Rosario, only to learn that over a month earlier he had met with a tragic motorcycle accident that took his life. He left behind a wife and three very young children. We felt the tragedy of a life taken away so prematurely; Kapitan Mero was only 36.
But we also joined in celebration — over sips of freshly picked buko — a reconnection with friendships forged during the time of calamity as we gathered in the house of Antonio Palma whose daughter Hannah Mae became a beneficiary of the house rebuilding support. Other recipients such as Sita Arancana, Antonia Batingal and Melaluna Edul were there to greet us together with a horde of young children in the neighborhood. We did not see the rest of the houses (Kag. Cecelia promised to send pictures) because they are all scattered in several places in the barangay and there was little time to return to Tagbilran to continue our journey to Jao. We left Sto. Rosario not only with a bag full of bright red tambis (macopa to Tagalogs) harvested from a tree fronting late Kap. Mero’s house, but also of pleasant memories and rekindled friendships.
In Tagbilaran, we were met by Ma. Ana ‘Mae Ann’ Astillo representative of our hosts and a teacher, herself, from Jao who headed the welcoming party. With Mae Ann was Lani Gay Sevellita, another teacher from Jao and Jan Erickson Las Pin᷈as, who has been volunteering his time with Raise a Village Foundation and VMCI, who would be our driver and all around man. Together with some other teachers from Jao (they attended a DepEd event in Tagbilaran) we rode towards Talibon through the scenic provincial highway stopping a bit along the way to view the resplendent panorama in front of us and also to stretch our cramped legs.
After more than three hours on the road, slowed down by a broken molye (leaf spring) of the red pick-up truck we rode in, we finally arrived in Talibon at the height of the hustle and bustle of preparations for their annual fiesta on May 30. We stopped for dinner at a floating restaurant that overlooked the sea between the mainland and the island of Jao. We could see Jao clearly from our vantage point. After a meal of barbecued chicken and fish sinigang (sour soup), we walked to the Talibon wharf to get our ride to the island. As the sun was setting in the horizon, we rode a banca (motorized outrigger boat) to Jao.
It was dark when we finally arrived in Jao and we walked our way over paths lighted only by a small flashlight (torch) towards our ‘hotel’ where we would be staying for the duration of our workshop. Our ‘hotel’ was the second floor of the barangay hall of Suba, which also served at one time as an E-university where out-of-school youth could study TESDA courses online. It has not been used as much now because many of the donated computers are no longer working.  Notwithstanding the noise coming from the basketball court across our ‘hotel’ where a nightly youth basketball game was going on, we settled in for the night.
From May 27 to 29 we carried out the Expressive Arts Training for Educators among 70 teachers from Talibon districts 1 and 2 that included Jao Island. 
May 27, 2015 - One Heart Express Workshop Day 1
We woke up to a sumptuous breakfast of puto maya (sticky rice cakes cooked in coconut milk with a hint of ginger), rice, fried eggs, bread with peanut butter, steak and shrimp -- our first taste of Jao’s generosity and bounty amidst poverty. Dennis and Alma went for an early walk along the shore. By the time they returned it was time to get ready for our first day of the workshop to be held at the Suba Elementary School.
Our transportation to the venue of the workshop was a motorcycle. There are no cars in the island. The school was about half a kilometre from where we stayed. We passed through a dried up rice field and there in the middle of it lay the school;  about two hundred meters further up is the small barrio high school of the island. When we arrived, there were not many teachers yet. We were told that many would be late as they were coming in from other islands and from the mainland. The rooms for the workshops were already prepared and the blare of the welcoming music set the mood for an action-packed day.
As the teachers trickled in, the registration took place and at about 9:15 a.m. we called it a go. The activity started in a plenary session with a short program hosted by the organizers. The representative of the barangay Captain of Suba (one of the Kagawads) as well as the coordinator of the workshop in Jao, Ms. Ana Marie Valmoria welcomed the facilitators and participants. After a brief introduction of the team of facilitators and organizers, Rosalie led the participants in body movement exercises. In the open ground fronting the stage of the school under the canopy of banaba trees, participants greeted each other through a name game and then followed with unfreezing body exercises as a grounding exercise for the workshops in the next three days.
Following the exercises, the teachers were divided into different workshop groups – creative writing, visual arts, dance/movement and puppetry, drama/theatre. Most of the teachers opted to join the visual arts group (26 of them) while the creative writing group had the least number with just 12 participants (in fact, I had to forcefully convince some of the teachers to join the group). Those teachers who were finally persuaded to join the creative writing group, thereafter, realized that they were among the ‘special’ group of mostly principals and head teachers. The group of theatre/drama led by Dennis had almost the same number of participants (15) as those of Rosalie’s dance/movement and puppetry group (17).
With the scorching summer sun blazing down on the island of Jao, the workshops proceeded as planned. The four workshop groups dispersed to their assigned classrooms. 
For the group of Rosalie, the opener was a get-to-know-you activity since most of the participants came from different schools and met each other for the first time.  Creative games and exercises using the framework of an actor’s tools were introduced in order to tap into the genius of multiple intelligences through body, facial expression, voice, emotions, and the imagination. The activities were anchored on the participant’s own personal stories and emotions.   Activities were mostly carried out in pairs to encourage interaction and focus.  The second half of the day was an exploration of body images based on memories and identity through story telling.  The teachers were then exposed to different creative classroom management activities that they could use in teaching many subjects. 
Meanwhile, Alma’s visual arts group started with a getting-to-know-each-other activity and exercises to facilitate release of their creative energies. The first activity was to draw and write about “What I Consumed Yesterday” -- a sharing on how they consume and conserve resources which they shared with their co- participants afterwards.  As an additional exercise to flex their creative muscles and to enhance their sense of imagination, Alma introduced the “Dot Connect”.  By connecting dots that they randomly put on paper, they learn through play, discovery and exploration how to enclose space and in the process create shapes and these shapes are connected to form an image with textures and colors to tell a story about themselves.
In the afternoon, there was a short storytelling session based on the book Bahay, Buhay:  Ang Epekto ng Pagbabago ng Klima sa Ating Buhay, a children’s story book written by Genaro Gojo Cruz which Alma illustrated. The book was read in English by one teacher with a Cebuano language translation by another to the delight of the other teachers as they participated in the correct translation of the text. This became a spontaneous and communal sharing of a common language and meaning. 
The first day ended with each of the workshop groups being given assignments for the following day’s activities.
May 28, 2015- Sizzling Day but Light Hearts
On the second day, the scorching summer sun continued to beat down upon Jao. But in spite the almost unbearable heat of the classrooms where the workshops were held, each of the workshop groups seemed to gel and the participants got to know more of each other. This day was when all the activities of the different workshops had to be completed because the following daythe last day of the workshop would be devoted to rehearsing and preparing for the showcase.
We were informed that the Raise a Village Foundation of Fr. Ned and its mission arm, the Visayas Mission Confraternity, Inc.  (VMCI) had organized Hudyaka (revelry), a ‘barrio fiesta’ themed program for the One Heart Express Team that night in part to formally welcome us to the community and for another to spread the fiesta spirit of the Talibon poblacion to Jao Island as Talibon’s fiesta was on May 30. The event would feature the VMCI Mobile Theater group, a performing group of young artists of Jao, borne out of the mission work of Fr. Ned in the island.
The previous day, Vim assigned the creative writing group to write about their personal experiences when the killer quake struck Bohol on October 15, 2013. The participants brought in their work and each participant read the stories they had written.  It had been more than a year since the killer earthquake struck but it seemed that the scars were still fresh with many of them crying as they recalled their experiences on the day of the earthquake with stories ranging from sad to humorous. Selected stories were then passed on to the drama/theater group which would transform them into a performance.
Alma’s group opted to work in groups and created advocacy posters based on the issues discussed relating to climate change. The participants worked on a collage using dry leaves and flowers, twigs, and roots to create a poster for an advocacy campaign. And in the afternoon, they created a bigger picture of how they want to represent their place through printmaking. This is to map out and surface tensions and challenges of Jao and the surrounding islands. After having identified images and symbols that can best capture the history, culture and geography of their place, they used worn-out rubber slippers to cut out into shapes such as that of a pig (which almost every household has in its backyard), trees and boats (which are abundant in the island) and many other figures.  They also carved images of the sun, star, fish, bakawan (mangrove) and other objects on potatoes, camote (sweet potatoes), kamoteng kahoy (cassava) and styrofoam.  These were then painted with poster paints and pressed hard on the surface of cartolina or oslo paper transforming the stretch of paper into an array of shapes, textures and colors. 
Meanwhile, Rosalie’s dance/movement and puppetry group and Dennis’ drama/theatre group worked with the creative writing group that produced the poems and stories as part of their output. For Rosalie’s group, three poems were chosen that were used as anchor for the dance/movement and puppetry performance:  Kalabaw which was transformed into a song; Paru-paro for dance and movement; Isda sa Jao for puppetry.  The day was spent shaping and transforming the words of the creative writers into a dance, a song, and a puppet show where the participants tested and explored movement, made puppets, composed the music, and rehearsed for the showcase on the last day.
To give a preview of the workshop output for the showcase on the last day, Dennis’ group was assigned to transform two earthquake narratives from the creative writing group to be presented during the Hudyaka ‘barrio fiesta’ which would take place that evening. With the integrated multi-arts approach, the different workshop groups were expected to collaborate for the final showcase on the last day of the workshop.
Hudyaka a ‘Barrio Fiesta’ Starring the VMCI Mobile Theatre
It was a starry night and still very warm but the air was electric with excitement. This was the night of the Hudyaka, a ‘barrio fiesta’ themed special program to welcome the OHE team. We could hear music blaring in the background of the barangay basketball court cum activity center, which was just across our ‘hotel.’ The Women’s Association meeting area on the side of the barangay hall transformed into a huge kitchen where huge vats, woks, and a cauldron of food were being prepared. And just a few feet away, two pigs are being roasted to turn into the ubiquitous lechon of the Filipino fiesta table. As the men and women volunteer cooks were busy preparing, the basketball court was also being readied for the dinner and the performance. Chairs and tables for the dinner were being dressed in red and white motif.
At 7:00 p.m. the program started with a prayer and the National Anthem and words of welcome from Fr. Ned himself. I was called upon to talk briefly about the workshop and introduce the OHE team. Then dinner was laid out with all the bounty of Jao Island: two freshly roasted lechon, crabs, filleted fish, beef stew and nilagang baboy. While we were enjoying the meal, the ‘barrio fiesta’ commenced with a performance of the VMCI Mobile Theater group which included a medley of dances starting with a lively folk dance with Yoyoy Villame’s funny Visayan ditty “Si Filemon, Si Filemon,” followed by a ballet number and then a lively modern dance number with very young children where towards the end they drew some of us from the audience to dance with them. We were also serenaded with a song by a Manny Pacquiao look-alike (and he carries that nickname proudly) and a soulful song by a talented and beautiful young lady, with the ballet troupe dancing in the background. The last presentation was a hilarious dance number of an all-male youth group dressed in drag as pregnant women. This capped the fun and laughter for the night.
The program ended with a request for a reaction or speech from all of the members of the OHE team. I started the spiel detailing how the workshop came about, followed by Alma who talked of the talented teachers and beautiful and kind-hearted people she encountered in Jao, then Dennis who gave the most poignant speech about apoy or the fire in the hearts of the people of Jao and their dignity and pride not borne of power and privilege but of overcoming all odds. Dennis exhorted them to keep the fire burning. Rosalie expressed her innermost feeling through a chant, a sound of inspiration and invocation of a heart filled with joy with and the creative energies that she had witnessed. Vim did an impromptu poetry performance as an ode to Sining (the Arts) keeping the crowd in awe with the “Putang Ama nyo….” line.
The program ended about 10:00 p.m. but the fun continued close to midnight with dance contests among the mothers of the children-artists, so they too could have a chance to perform, this time, with their children as audience.
May 29, 2015: The Last Day and it was Showtime Folks!
We woke up early filled with excitement for the day ahead. This was the last day of the workshop and we were looking forward to the culmination of our efforts with the participants showing off what they had learned through the showcase.
Vim continued the creative writing workshop with the participants required to write “Dear God” letters, an exercise that explored their feelings and attitudes about life, faith, and their existence. I was to come in after the sharing session to direct the Readers’ Theatre performance of the group of an original play, one of the outputs in the session.  It was not until much later that they finished, as Vim was so inspired with his sharing of the writer’s experience and how this would help inspire teachers to develop their writing abilities.  I was able to finally rehearse the group rather close to the final program. But the teachers learned quickly and continued to rehearse even as the program was about to start.
The visual arts group finished their last activity titled “How to Connect with Children and Make them Earth Warriors,” with the making of 3D artworks and creative Green Toys made from twigs, abaca twine, banana leaves, old t-shirt, fabric scraps and others. They transformed the workshop room into a showroom exhibiting the participants’ masterpieces. It was a harvest of creation from simple drawings to more textured posters; from common objects transformed into art pieces; and from old rubber slippers cut, carved, and shaped into tiles for the print works.
Dennis’s and Rosalie’s group continued with the rehearsals to further polish and refine their presentations for the showcase.
At about 11:00 in the morning, the closing program started, which showcased the output of the different workshop groups. The presentations comprised a three-part performance by Rosalie’s group that included a puppetry show, singing of an original song and a dance interpretation, -- all three performances, as said earlier, were based on the poems written by the creative writing group. This was followed by a Readers’ Theatre presentation by the creative writing group of an original play Boa: Lindol sa Bohol written by one of the participants, Jun Rille Gurrea, based on the fusion of stories of the participants of their experiences during the Bohol earthquake. The last performance was by Dennis’ group, which presented a three-part improvisational drama based on earthquake narratives also written by the creative writing participants and executed in a range of serious to hilarious take on the stories.
After every workshop group presentation, a representative of the group gave a response to the training they had received. As for Alma’s group, the audience was invited to see the exhibit of the visuals arts group participants’ output.
The special guests for the day were Dr. Percy P. Torres, Public Schools District supervisor of Talibon 1 and and Mrs. Ma. Teresita I. Alampayan, OIC, Public Schools District Supervisor of Talibon 2. Dr. Torres gave the closing remarks congratulating the teachers on their talents and for their energy and passion in participating in the workshop. Fr. Ned also made a brief remark posing a challenge to the teachers: that they would have to continue to learn so that they could impart updated knowledge as well as inspire the students to learn so they, in turn, can contribute to the transformation of our nation.
Certificates of participation were handed out, and as with previous workshops that OHE had conducted, we also distributed what remained of the Natasha company donation of make-up kits for the Bohol earthquake and Yolanda survivors.
The program ended at almost 2 p.m. with no lunch break but as Dr. Torres said, “…we forgot our hunger because the presentations were so good and entertaining.” She was very proud of her teachers. By late afternoon, the OHE team headed back to Talibon in the mainland to spend the night there for the following day’s early trip back to Tagbilaran to catch our plane back to Manila.
We left Jao Island in the dusk as we sailed to it to cross towards Talibon on the mainland. As the banca edged closer to the port of Talibon, fireworks lit up the night sky ushering in the celebration of the fiesta of Talibon as if welcoming us (or sending us off) in pomp and glory.
In the poblacion, we celebrated the bisperas by going into a food binge -- four homes one after another invited us to eat and celebrate with them. Declining an invitation during fiestas is no-no and considered impolite. All doors are open in welcome, even to strangers. We were their special guests. More lechon, an array of fish and meats, fruit salads, ice cream, cakes and kinhason (sea shells) after which we were bursting at the seams, literally. We went home to our accommodation for the night at the guesthouse of the Mission Center of the Vincentian fathers so filled with the food we had consumed, cautioning each other about the possibility of ‘bangungot’.  We slept the night away thankfully without any incident. And in the early morning we headed back to Tagbilaran to catch our flight back to Manila.
Our memorable stories did not end there; there was still the case of a bottle of ‘sisi’ (sea urchin) incident in the airport. But I will let Alma tell that story another time.
We left Jao with our stomachs bursting and our hearts filled with joy. We promised to come back to continue the work with other educators and among the children and the youth. Fr.  Ned whom we believed deserved to get a Ramon Magsaysay Award (the Nobel prize version of Asia) is a great partner in this endeavor.  His wish is to have 1,000 young people performing together next year in time for the 30th anniversary of his work and mission in Jao and other places. I told him, why not 5,000?  He said, “yes, why not? “
I added, “And one million in the next few years…one million rising for the nation!”
I cannot help but share Fr. Ned’s words, in a thank you letter he sent to me a few days after the conclusion of the workshop:
Dear Dr. Belen,
Hi. I hope you are rested from your "lightning trip workshop" to Jao Island.
I am very happy and quite impressed by your fast response as well as the great assembly of minds and hearts that you were able to bring to a very faraway place - Jao island. We, especially the teachers, had a good glimpse of what real education should lead to: "simplicity, life of service and preferential option for the marginalized." It was not only the expertise of each one that you shared but your witnessing of what education and educators can contribute into the moulding of our students and of the society. In short, the dignity and the mission of the teaching profession.
Thank you and to your team -- to One Heart Express. I pray that it would be the first of many such workshops -- until we have 1 M art practitioners with social responsibility to build our nation.
Personally, I thank you for affirming and even encouraging me not only to reach out to 200,000 young people but to 1 M performing and building our country from creative arts.
God bless you, your work- and your dreams.
Fr. Ned Disu, CM
To my collaborators in the OHE work, Alma, Dennis, Rosalie, and Vim, I am grateful for the generosity of your spirit in sharing your vast talents with our teachers who are best placed to increase your work a hundredfold. You have blessed me with your friendship; our collaboration is a special gift. And I wonder where One Heart Express will take us next. Nepal?
Our gratitude to NCCA that enabled us to go to Jao through the Speaker’s Bureau fund. To Fr. Ned of Raise a Village Foundation Inc. and the VMCI our partner organization and his angels – Ana Marie, Mae Ann, Lani, Erickson, our driver and ‘handy’ man, Vidi our ‘caregiver’ in our ‘hotel’ and others too many to mention and to the teachers of Jao and Talibon whose talent and commitment showed brightly, Daghang Salamat (Thank you very much). We are blessed by the opportunities of sharing with them the power ofTags: Community and Performance  Daily Life Daily Rituals and Performance   Disaster Recovery Resilience and Performance  Performance Documentation and Archives  Performance Studies in Asia  Performance Studies in the Pacific  

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